Explanations of the process of psychological diagnosis and a description of all the different psychological problems and disorders would fill a small library, and we cannot provide that level of comprehensive information here. This information is primarily for consumers, to help you understand basic psychological problems, and to help you decide when you, a family member, or a friend, would benefit from a consultation with a psychologist. But, while information can help you understand more about a problem, psychological change is difficult to accomplish on your own. When psychological problems interfere with your emotional or physical health, your relationships, work productivity, or life adjustment, you need to talk to someone who can help… a psychologist.
The following psychological problems are summarized:
Depression – This section describes the various types of depression, including major depresion, dysthymic disorder, non-specific depression, adjustment disorder with depression and bi-polar depression.
Anxiety Disorders -Different anxiety problems are reviewed including panic disorder, post traumatic stress, social anxiety, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and specific phobias.
Schizophrenia – Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. Here, you will find information about the causes and treatment of schizophrenia, including information about new medications being developed to combat this illness.
Childhood Disorders – Childhood psychological problems related to behavioral control problems, including ADHD, conduct disturbance, and oppositional behavior are discussed. Separation anxiety, a common problem in young children, is also reviewed in this section.
Impulse Control Disorders – Psychological problems involving loss of control are described in this section. Anger control problems are usually diagnosed as intermittent explosive disorder by psychologists, and there is a separate discussion of Domestic Violence problems. These problems are described in this section: Pathological gambling, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Domestic Violence, Kleptomania, Pyromania, Pathological Gambling, and Trichotillomania.
Personality Disorders – General characteristics of all personality disorders will be summarized, with more detailed information about obsessive compulsive, narcissistic and borderline personality disorders.
Adjustment Disorders – The general characteristics of adjustment disorders are explained, as well as presenting information about life stressors that lead to adjustment problems, such as marital conflict and job stress.
Family Problems – Sometimes family conflicts occur because one or more family members has a psychological disorder, such as those described above. However, family conflicts also arise because of communication problems, parenting issues, school problems and sibling conflict. These issues are described in this section.